Apr 20, (a) KITAB-UL-HIND was written by AL-BIRUNI in Arabic language KITAB-UL- HIND is simple and lucid and a voluminous text divided into 80 chapters on. Sep 30, Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic. Kitab Tarikh Al-Hind and Aims of Writing it. Al-Biruni’s Kitab-ul-Hind is simple and lucid. It is divided. were incorporated in Mahmud’s Indian army; and Al- beruni—what Geography. Kitab-almanshurdt. marching to Hind or India proper we start from the.

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Author selfstudyhistory Posted on Posted on September 30, January 20, For the university, see Al-Beroni University. Ever wondered why they were limited to just Singh? He explains that Hinduism and Islam are totally different from each other.

According to him, Indian astronomers generally divided the zodiac into 27 or sometimes 28 lunar stations or nakshatras, and gave the number of stars in each nakshatra. Historians are able to make some matches while also concluding that certain areas seem to have disappeared and been replaced with different cities. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. For the lunar crater, see Al-Biruni crater.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. In Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Among the ‘Hindus’ sciences Al-Beruni devotes special attention to astronomy partly because it was ‘the most famous among them’ and partly because of his own interest in the subject.


Whereas the compilation date jitab his work, namely around A. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references.

Through The Eyes Of Travellers

He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. bruni

In he traveled to South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture Tahqiq ma li-l-hind SachauAlberuni’s India: He is regarded as kitsb of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era bind was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian and chronologist.

Alhazen’s problem Islamic geometric patterns. Al-Biruni was aware of the deep differences between the Hindu and Islamic way of life. Al-Beruni mentions the names of of his books in a letter which he wrote to a friend some 13 years before his death.

The Kitabul’ Hind-a Medieval Reality Check | This and That

This raises further questions. For Sufis also there is believe that kltab human being has two souls — an eternal one, not exposed to change and alteration, and another, a human soul, which is liable to bring change.

Criticisms To Al-Beruni the Hindus were excellent philosophers, good mathematicians and astronomers, though [out of a certain self-confidence] he believes himself to be superior to them, and disdains to be put on a level with them. Al-Biruni divides Hindus into an educated and an uneducated class.


Today armchair specialists can sit in their chair on Ao and yet be completely unaware that such superiority complex is the usual characteristic in many societies. At first, between andastronomical works e.

Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

No such detailed and perceptive account of the caste system as it prevailed in early medieval India is available in any other non-Indian source. The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs. Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physicsmathematicsjland natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist. Fun fact — their nationsl airline is named Garuda after the Sanskritic mythical creature.

I shall place before the reader the theories of the Hindus exactly breuni they are, and I shall mention in connection with them similar theories of the Greeks in order to show the relationship existing between them.

The contribution of Iranians to Islamic mathematics is overwhelming. Al-Beruni was a Muslim of Iranian origin and was a great linguist and a prolific writer. Views Read Edit View history. It had lost the glory that it once had and it seemed to want to wish away the foreigners by erecting mental walls against them. In our Time berui Al-Biruni”.