connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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He is best known for his treatise on “The Ordinances of Government. Physically and sensually fit: The Shafi’i historian al-Khatib al-Baghdadi d.

When the Abbasids came to power they called themselves the sole defenders of faith, and crushed every political dissentient in the name of religion, and sent many innocent souls to the gallows to save Islam. Imam mau be deposed if: It was this theory of nomination that cut at the very root of democratic ideals in Islamic polity. And at any rate the conception of the state was never clear. Growing up he was able to learn Fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence from Abu al-Wahid al-Simari and subsequently took up his residence ppolitical Baghdad.

He is to advise government and to provide vital information to government. To compensate this irretrievable position he instituted the theory of absolute governorship which provided a handy instrument of mawarei to the Abbasid Caliphs against the attempt of possible adventurers who aspired to overthrow the Caliphate. It demolished the artificial barriers of color and creed and brought the poor and the rich at one platform.

See also Arabic language.


He ignores artificial factors like age, Property and residence etc but those who can distinguish between good and bad, between right and wrong and between the wise and poise. He simply gave his personal opinion. Al-Mawardi says that the existing imam can nominate more than one Imam to succeed one another in turn. But the second has had a profound bearing on the course of Muslim history. It was on account of this that the Umayyad and Hashimite race for theorh of power started immediately after the device of the Prophet P.


Al-Mawardi says that the main function of the Wazir is to get the decrees of the Imam executed and he should be the main official channel of information for him. A struggle began between the State and Society.

Imam is a natural need of a state to organize the society and to solve mutual differences. No method has been proposed by means of which the will of the people may polirical ascertained, or the Imam may be expelled his office. Al-Mawardi enumerated four chief offices of Theoru are under: Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

He may be elected by the electoral college ii. Mumem- obedient of Shariah: The Holy Quran aims at creating an ideal society in which good predominantly prevails over evil and in which the laws of God are generally practiced and obeyed.


Al-Mawardi mawarddi only male are allowed to be imam of an Islamic state. There is no precedent in Islamic history when an Imam was deposed from office by legal and proper means. Al-Mawardi fairly discusses the different opinions of the jurists whether or not the Caliph is entitled to designate one of his sons or relations as his successor and whether he acts legally in doing so.

Hazrat Abu Bakr nominated Hazrat Umar and people obeyed his order in the form of unquestionable allegiance. The Wazir of Execution is similar to the Secretary to the Government in modern times. He must look into the foreign policy very carefully and sagaciously, so that relations with other neighboring states must be thheory.

While a third group supported by Al-Mawardi is of the opinion that any person may be appointed as imam. Al-Mawardi describes that the real objective of the state is the rule of justice and truth and to bring tranquility and peace to its inhabitants. The Imam can nominate two or more heirs apparent to succeed him one after the other. Besides, the Quran does not aim at creating a state but a society.


Al-Māwardī | Muslim jurist |

The Army Board 2. A reported that the Prophet P. The Wazarat of Execution: But on the bases of his qualities and merit.

The argument has been derived from the battle of Mutah, in which the Prophet P. We encourage visitors to the forum to report any objectionable message in site feedback. Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph.

Nasihat-ul-Muluk Advice to Kings tneory. The mention of authority in this passage refers to the Caliph, especially because al-Mawardi had been raised to the high office of Aqda al-Qudat2 and represented the Caliph in pplitical negotiations with the Buwaihids. The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal. The Imam is appointed in one of two ways: Muslims in early Islam were not beguiled a sophisticated notions of Caliphs as presented by later theologians and jurists.

Lack of the idea of fundamental rights of men has been one of the principal sores in Muslim polity for ages, and has been mainly responsible for almost complete absence of mawxrdi growth of democratic life in Muslim lands. There is flexibility in Islam and this issue has been left to the Muslims community to decide. Al-Mawardi seems to have no conception of democracy.

Al-Mawardi is not only to enumerate qualities for theor office of the qazi but enumerates his powers and functions: Sunday, February 20, This office therefore, is the outcome of Ijma. The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate.