Azorella compacta is a cushion-forming, perennial woody herb growing from a taproot. It forms a light green, hard, dense cushion of growth up to cm tall and . Yareta or llareta (Azorella compacta, also known as “Llareta” in Spanish, and historically as Azorella yareta) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to . A yellowish-green, compact (rather like a cauliflower), resinous cushion shrub, the llareta, Azorella compacta (Embelliferae) occurs in the high Andes of southern.

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Azorella compacta – Useful Temperate Plants

It grows in the cold Puna grasslands of the Andes in Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, and western Argentina at altitudes between 3, and 4, meters, where the wind blows unceasingly and the cold cracks even granite. Yareta is an evergreen perennial with pink or lavender flowers. The self-fertile flowers are hermaphroditic and are pollinated by insects. This temperature difference is a result of the longwave radiation re-radiated by the soil surface which is usually dark gray to black in the Puna.

Yareta is estimated to azorellla approximately 1. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.


The plant prefers sandy, well-drained soils. Yareta Azorella compactaalso known as szorella in Spanish, is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Apiaceae. Stuckie The Mummified Dog. This also helps to resist the powerful high altitude wind, which would tear up the roots of any plant. These rocks on the highlands of the Andes looks like they are covered with moss.

The Negro of Banyoles. This page was last edited on 11 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Yareta, The 3,000 Years Old Plant

You Might Also Like Plants. Retrieved 28 October Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Many Yaretas are estimated to be over 3, years old. Retrieved from ” https: The plant keeps close to the ground in order to retain as much heat in as possible.

To survive the extreme conditions, Yareta grows in packs so dense that its stems azorellw take the weight of a human.

The amount of yareta being removed had become so significant that it threatened the very existence of the plant. To prevents moisture loss through evaporation the Yareta has wax covered leaves. Yareta, The 3, Years Old Plant. Yareta on slopes of Nevado Coropuna, Peru.


Because the Yareta is dry and dense, it burns well, like peat, and was traditionally harvested azorslla fuel. Subscribe to our daily newsletter Get gentle updates in your inbox whenever new articles are published. Yareta is now a protected species and being such a slow asorella, it has also made it to the endangered list. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Another trick the Yareta has learned to survive the inhospitable mountains of the Andes is to grow extremely slowly, almost at a geological pace of 1. Yareta or llareta Azorella compactaalso known as “Llareta” in Spanish, and historically azorellw Azorella yaretafrom yarita in the Quechua language is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to South America.

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