Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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For more information about QR Codes click here. You will receive a range of benefits including: Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture.

This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m. In some regions the tree is considered sacred, endowed with the power to protect against evil spirits and to attract benevolent nnitida. Please view the copyright link for more information.

Baphia nitida Lodd.

The wood is used for house posts, rafters, naves of wheels and utensils such as walking sticks, mortars, ba;hia, tool-handles and farm implements. This wood is of a very fine colour, and is used in woodturning for making knife handles and similar articles.

There are 19 citations in Afrirefs related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Prefers a position in full sun, tolerating light shade[ ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30?

For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts.

Baphia nitida – Lodd. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.


The leaves or leaf juice are applied against parasitic skin diseases, and a leaf infusion is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems. There are 5 study abstracts related to Baphia nitida Lodd.

Barwood, Dolo, Doro, African Sandalwood. Baphia nitida SH baphia nitida. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida Lodd. For dyeing purposes, the sapwood is removed from the trunk and the heartwood is sawn or cut into parts 30—50 cm long and dried.

Baphia nitida

Camwood is easy to cultivate and can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. Modern research has shown that several medically active compounds are present in the leaves, including saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins[ ]. Citation in web searches. Baphia nitida is a multipurpose tree: It was formerly exported to Europe for turnery and cabinetry.

Nitiva extract the dye the wood is cut into much smaller pieces or pulverized.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

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In Sierra Leone a bark decoction is drunk to cure cardial pain and bark and leaves are prepared as an enema to treat constipation. The distribution of Baphia nitida. The twigs are used as chewing sticks[ ].

Externally it is applied, together with Cissus quadrangularis L. The tree’s bark and heartwood are commonly used to make a brilliant but non-permanent red dyewhich is soluble in alkali.

Extraction nitiva the colorants in the countries where the trees grow, to produce liquid or powdered extracts, would bring much added value and allow further use of the extracted wood as fuel.

Email us at dbsthh nus. See images of our work on Flickr. Using different mordants, applied before and after the dye bath, and various mixtures with other dyewoods, a wide range of colours from red to brown, green, grey, purplish and black can be obtained.


Baphia Nitida Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients

nitiad The dye is soluble in alkali and alcohol, much less so in water[ ]. Baphia massaiensis occurs from southern DR Congo and Tanzania to northern South Africa, and differs from Baphia nitida in its long bracteoles, pubescent ovary and usually rounded or obtuse leaf apex. Camwood has long been used in traditional African medicine.

Revised structures of santalin and santarubin. Tropical trees and shrubs – A selection for urban plantings.

In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings[ ]. Herbage yields and quality in four woody forage plants in a baphoa environment in Ghana. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum dye bath[ ].

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In Benin a decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth.

Many-stemmed erect shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall with glabrous to densely pubescent branchlets.