BONIFACE VIII, THE BULL UNAM SANCTAM ()1. Pope Boniface VIII (r. –) believed that all authority derived from God, and that the pope, as the. Unam sanctam: Christianity: The church and Western states: in with the bull Unam Sanctam (“One Holy Church”), the most extreme assertion by any. WE ARE COMPELLED, OUR FAITH URGING us, to believe and to hold—and we do firmly believe and simply confess—that there is one holy.

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Saisset made no secret of his disrespect for the King of France. At a later date Mury withdrew his opinion “Revue des questions histor. The notion of papal monarchy in the thirteenth century: Modern Language Association http: The French clergy politely protested against Boniface’s “unheard-of assertions”. They joined locals in an attack on the palaces of the pope and his nephew at the papal residence at Anagnilater referred to as the Outrage of Anagni. It was not just the French monarchy and clergy who disapproved of Boniface and his assertions.


Translated by Dyson, Robert W. On 5 FebruaryBoniface responded with the papal bull Clericis laicos forbidding clerics, without authority from the Holy Sannctam, to pay to laymen any gull of their income or of the revenue of the Church; and likewise all emperors, kings, dukes, counts, etc. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.

The Bull lays down dogmatic propositions on the unity of the Church, the necessity of belonging to it for the attainment of eternal salvation, the position of the pope as supreme head of the Church, and the duty thence arising of submission to the pope in order to belong to the Church and thus to attain salvation.

Instead, Boniface ordered the king in December to free the bishop to go to Rome to justify himself. Philip forbade Saisset or any of them to attend and forestalled Boniface by organizing a counter-assembly of his own, held in Uam in April While insisting the clerical consent was required for subsidies to the state, he recognized that the clergy themselves must evaluate the unwm of a claim for aid.


Pamiers was one of the last strongholds of the Cathars.

Unam sanctam

Consequently, if anyone says that he has not been committed to Peter and his successors, he necessarily declares that he is not of Christ’s sheep. For, according to the Blessed Dionysius, it is a law of the divinity that the lowest things reach the highest place by intermediaries.

Therefore whoever resists this power thus ordained by God, resists the ordinance of God [Rom In FebruaryBoniface issued Romana mater eccelsia which declared that in a situation where the clergy had consented to make payment and delay could cause grave danger, the process of requesting permission could be dispensed with.

In response to the bull, Philip had the Dominican John of Paris issue a refutation.

Unam Sanctam

Reading of the “two swords” in the Bull, one of Philip’s ministers is alleged to have remarked, “My master’s sword is steel; the Pope’s is made of words. At the same time he explained in conciliatory terms that his recent bull had not been intended to apply to any of the customary feudal taxes due the King from the lands of the Church, indicating that the clergy could indeed be taxed if the king would only obtain papal permission.

In the Bull, Ausculta Fili “Give ear, my son” he accused Philip of sinfully subverting the Church in France, and not in terms that were conciliatory: He was escorted back to Rome on 13 September Boniface denied the document and its claims, but he reminded them that previous popes had deposed three French kings.

For since the Apostle said: Therefore, of the one and only Church there is one body and one head, not two heads like a monster; that is, Christ and the Vicar of Christ, Peter and the successor of Peter, since the Lord speaking to Peter Himself said: Archived from the original on 11 February This was the atmosphere in which Unam sanctam was promulgated weeks later.


The genuineness of the Bull is absolutely established by the entry of it in the official registers of the papal Briefs, and its incorporation in the canon law. A bull of boniface viii, issued Nov.

It is a form of the concept known as plenitudo potestatis plenitude of power ; zanctam declares that those who resist the Roman Pontiff are resisting God’s ordination. The Bull also states, “We are informed by the texts of the gospels that in this Church and in its power are two swords; namely, the spiritual and the temporal.

Philip then called an assembly in which twenty-nine accusations against the pope were made, including infidelity, heresy, simony, gross and unnatural immorality, idolatry, magic, loss of the Holy Land, and the death of Pope Celestine V.

Boniface’s reputation for always trying to increase the papal power made it difficult to accept such an extreme declaration. This authority, however, though it has been given to man and is exercised by manis not human but rather divine, granted to Peter by a divine word and reaffirmed to him Peter and his successors by the One Whom Peter confessed, the Lord saying to Inam himself, “Whatsoever you shall bind on earth, shall be bound also in Heaven” etc.

Therefore, this one body, unlike a monster, has only one head, Christ and His vicar, Peter and his successors.

Translated by Donnelly, Eugene J.