Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

Author: Kazikasa Kigashakar
Country: Belgium
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 24 November 2008
Pages: 471
PDF File Size: 5.34 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.72 Mb
ISBN: 951-4-66204-699-6
Downloads: 62836
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kaziran

European cities were rapidly urbanizing and sanitation was becoming an increasingly serious problem, whilst at the same time the cities themselves were becoming an increasingly important source of agricultural nutrients. The safety of ecosan systems in terms of pathogen destruction during the various treatment processes is a continuous topic of debate between proponents and opponents of ecosan systems.

The use of odorous animal manure in agriculture has continued through to this day, probably because the odour of manure was not thought to contribute to human illnesses.

A rock and hard place – Peak phosphorus and the threat to our food security. Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed.

Ecological sanitation

This fairly recent type of latrine was introduced by research organizations such as CREPA in Burkina Faso or NGOs such as Toilettes du monde and is currently in widespread use and is one of the most recommended types. When properly designed and operated, ecosan systems provide a hygienically safe system to convert human excreta into nutrients to be returned to the soil, and water to be returned to the land.

Facilitating access to water Reducing the cost of water Sanitation and preservation Awareness efforts on hygiene and health Organising and Managing. Write us an e-mail close. Articles with short description Use dmy dates from February All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from January Commons category link from Wikidata.

Ecological sanitation – Wikipedia

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Mini septic tanks and sewage tanks A4 – Grease removers A5 – Latrines.


In the Middle Ages, the use of excreta and greywater in agricultural production was the norm. Some models, however, provide for this by collecting the corresponding small amount of water used in a small container. Trees as recyclers of nutrients present in human excreta tojlets Main tree report.

Click on JoJo Tanks logo to visit their web site. Peter Morgan is renowned as one of the leading creators and proponents of ecological sanitation solutions, which enable the safe reuse of human excreta to enhance soil quality and crop production.

They manufacture a wide range of products including large chemical and water storage tanks.

No obnoxious odours Indoor or outdoor installation Minimum monthly operating costs Plumbing-free solution. Current Worldwide sanitation problems Ecosan Toilet solutions More information about this waterless toilet also sometimes referred to as a dry toilet.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

Impacts on Yield Quality”. Working Groups 1 – Capacity development 2 – Market development 3 – Renewable energies and climate change 4 – Sanitation systems and technology options 5 – Food security and productive sanitation systems 6 – Cities 7 – Sustainable WASH in institutions and gender equality 8 – Emergency and reconstruction situations 9 – Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement 10 – Operation, maintenance and sustainable services 11 – Groundwater protection 12 – WASH and nutrition 13 – Behaviour change.

The proponents of conventional sanitation systems on the other side defended pit latrines and waterborne sewage systems. Examples of ecosan projects worldwide can be found in a list published by GIZ inas well as in those case studies published by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance that are focused on reuse activities.

Using the EcoSan toilet. The definition of ecosan is focusing on the health, environment and resource aspect of sustainable sanitation. Practical guidance on the use of urine in crop production. The statement “use of non-renewable resources is minimised” means that the gain in resources by recycling shall be larger than the cost of resources by recycling.

Tpilets, the publication of the WHO Guidelines on Reuse, with its multiple barrier concept, has gone a long way in establishing a common framework for safe reuse. During the s, when the term ecosan was something new, discussions were heated and confrontational. Because it is not complicated to make, it protects Nature and transforms waste into a source of income or savings, either through the sale of compost or by reducing the use of expensive, often imported fertilisers, thus saving foreign currency.


Closing the Loop – Ecological sanitation for food security. As for other types of latrine see Fact Sheet A5 “Latrines-General points” one or two pits are required but in this case above ground and with a smaller volume filling time often less than toileys yearwhich accounts for their commonly being referred to as compartments, which makes it easier to empty them and avoids the pollution of ground water.

Also many of the research projects that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have been funding since about in sanitation are dealing with resource recovery — this might well be a legacy of the efosan concept, even if the term “ecosan” is not used by these researchers.

SuSanA secretariat Views Downloads. Closing the loop ecological sanitation for food security. Content – Summary EcoSan toilets UDDTs are the toiletd way to save resources and recycle waste, for a cleaner and healthier environment. Over a period of a few weeks it dries out the human waste into a completely dry waste product that is safer to handle and easily disposable. The recovery and use of urine and feces in “dry sanitation systems”, i.

Mixtures of sweepings and excreta were used to fertilize the chinampas toilsts fields or to bolster the banks bordering the lake.

The particularity of ECOSAN latrines is that this slab is specially designed to allow faeces and urine to be collected and evacuated separately below it. The reuse was not limited to agricultural production. Filter operations If you tick two options within one filter parameter, then this is treated as an “or” search, meaning either of them could eccosan true.