The EKAS Directive specifies the OSH duties of the employers. It tasks the .. Wegleitung der SUVA durch die Unfallversicherung. Retrieved on. V Suva, Technical division. Certification agency SCESp European notification, No. Machine safety. Partly completed. . Names like „ekas- admin_f\ae9bfeef-bcacd3-ac0b4d20e\xml\html„ may.

Author: Teran Niktilar
Country: Haiti
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 5 May 2015
Pages: 184
PDF File Size: 4.1 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.60 Mb
ISBN: 284-3-22181-676-5
Downloads: 73695
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kikus

The Swiss legislative framework for safety and health at work is not based on European Legislation. Although Switzerland has set its own policies on occupational safety and health, these basically comply with the EU legislation. Differences wwgleitung exist e.

Occupational health and safety in Switzerland is primarily based on two laws: Occupational diseases are covered by the Accident Insurance Act see belowwhilst the Work Act deals with general occupational health and hygiene. The Work Act consists of two main sections: In particular, VO3 deals with health promotion, and VO4 deals with approved plans for new industrial buildings and conversions [5] [6].

The Accident Insurance Act deals with compensation and prevention of accidents and occupational diseases [3]. To achieve this goal, prevention is focused on high-risk sectors, such as construction, forestry, maintenance, waste disposal or wastewater treatment, and transport [13]. Other sectors will follow [14]. SUVA runs an interactive programme to combat risks from asbestos.

Although asbestos has been banned for 20 years in Switzerland, it is still present in buildings, and presents a risk for demolition and construction workers [14]. Working together with the cantonal labour inspectorates, the working condition division of the State Secretary for Economic Affairs SECO defines OSH ekaw of special interest, which are then looked into in depth [6].

Wdgleitung social partnership in Switzerland is well-developed, and social harmony is seen as a key to economic advancement. It is based on a social dialogue characterised by respect and the willingness to discuss and negotiate resolutions based on consensus. The process is strongly influenced by the social partners [1].

They are systematically included at the legislative level by the state within the framework of tripartite dialogue, and involved in relevant boards:. The social partners are represented by two delegates. SUVA is managed by the social partners. The Board of Directors is composed of representatives of the employers, employees and the Swiss Confederation. This enables SUVA to find sustainable solutions that are widely accepted [17].

Collective agreements GAVs are the central instrument for social dialogue at sectoral level. They lay down the working conditions and the relationship between employers and employees for the whole sector.

Most collective agreements include a ‘labour peace clause’ that forbids the contracting parties from using wegleituung measures such as strikes or lockouts, as long as the collective agreement is valid [19]. Occupational safety and weleitung issues are not a special concern in collective agreements. They provide companies especially SMEs with guidelines and checklists, special modules for training and education, and periodic OSH ekass. These sector-specific solutions are supported by the social partners and developed in cooperation with OSH specialists [20].

Unfortunately, OSH issues are not properly addressed in some solutions. They are often drawn up by the employers acting on their own with some exceptions [6] see also Social dialogue in occupational safety and health and Worker participation – Switzerland.

Employees and their representatives have participation rights regarding OSH matters. The employer must provide comprehensive information on these matters and consult the employees before taking decisions. The employer can appoint an employee as safety representative; this is compulsory in some cases high-risk sectors, such as construction, forestry, maintenance, waste disposal or wastewater treatment, and transport.

Such representatives must receive appropriate training. Training and performance of duties must take place during working time [18]. It was developed – in view of the expected accession to the EEA – to harmonise with European law. According to this law, employees have a right to information and consultation. In enterprises with at least 50 employees, there is a right to elect employee representation.


Although the representatives are independent from the trade union, they may be members of and advised by trade unions [18]. Occupational safety and health is regulated by the Federal Government according to Article of the Federal Constitution [21] and is mainly based on two federal laws: In accordance with this dual approach, each Act is supervised by two Federal offices and monitored by two parallel national bodies.

Inthe Federal Council of Switzerland launched the VVO project to tackle overlaps caused by this dual system. It is the federal government’s centre of expertise for all core issues relating to economic policy. They are responsible for drafting statutory provisions, as well as for the efficient and uniform implementation of the legal provisions throughout Switzerland [28]. The aim of the BAG is to promote and maintain health and safety in Switzerland.

It is responsible — together with the 26 cantons — for public health and the development of national health policy. This includes the management and degleitung of the social healthcare and accident insurance system [22].

The BAG is the supervisory body for the UVG and is responsible for the enforcement bodies and legislation dealing with the prevention of occupational accidents [29]. SUVA is wegleituung most important provider of compulsory accident insurance in Switzerland.

It is an independent, non-profit company under public law, and insures aroundcompanies and two million employees and unemployed people. It has three core business areas: These are largely enterprises with high-risk levels, as well as the entire Federal administration, Federal agencies and Federal organisations.

The cantonal labour inspectorates are responsible for enforcing the protective provisions under OSH legislation in their territories. These inspectorates monitor and advise companies, employers and employees wegleituung on the Work Act and the Accident Insurance Act.

The cantons are free to decide which means and methods they use to achieve the goals of OSH legislation. As such, there are significant differences between the cantons – e. The IVA is the collective voice of the wegleituung labour inspectorates.

Thanks to close contacts with local companies, it is an important platform for exchanging OSH ideas and experiences. The managerial responsibility was specified by the EKAS Directive concerning the consulting of occupational physicians and other occupational safety specialists [33]. The revised version from identifies four groups of companies: Companies involved in high-risk activities with fewer than ten employees must prove that they have implemented specific measures completed checklists, records, documents of measures taken, training material.

Companies with high-risk activities and over ten employees are obliged to consult occupational safety specialists. This leads to the weglfitung of solutions individual, sectoral, company-specific, or modelthe awarding of certificates to demonstrate appropriate training basic, vocational or furtheras well as the availability of technical wegleitkng, personal protective equipment, and presence of essential warning labels [33].

Individual solutions are suitable for companies that wegleiung the necessary expert knowledge or seek to obtain it by consultation with external safety specialists [35].

In Annex I, the Directive provides a catalogue of process-oriented risks and hazards to help companies identify their risk category. The qualifications weglfitung for safety specialists are set out in Regulation The term ‘Occupational safety specialist’ refers to hygienists, safety professionals and safety engineers.

Internal OSH services All employers are legally obliged to identify risks and hazards in their companies, and to implement appropriate measures, according to articles 3 to 10 of the VUV. Companies with high-risk activities and more than 10 employees as well as all other companies with more eaks 50 employees are obliged to prove that they have implemented a safety management system.

To fulfil the safety and health obligations, employers are advised to select an internal safety representative — ekaw so called SIBE Sicherheitsbeauftragter and to ensure that this person receives appropriate training Article 7 chapter 1 VUV [8].


EKAS-Wegleitung durch die Arbeitssicherheit.

This task can be done by the employer or by an wegletiung. In small companies, the wgleitung himself often acts as internal safety expert [37]. While safety experts are the direct responsibility of the employer, they have no authority. They support and advise the employer on OSH issues e. All workers employed in Switzerland are covered by their employers for occupational accidents, non-occupational accidents accidents occurring during leisure timeand occupational diseases.

This includes teleworkers, apprentices, trainees and voluntary workers. The unemployed are also included as long they are claiming unemployment benefits. Part-time employees who work less than 8 hours a week are only covered for occupational accidents accidents that occur on the way to and from work are considered non-occupational accidents.

Duty or choice? – Accident prevention at the office | Prävention im Büro

The insurance includes medical treatment, daily benefits, disability pensions, survivors’ pensions, integrity allowances and disability assistance payments see also International comparison of occupational accident insurance system.

Those not covered by the Accident Insurance Act include self-employed, housewives, students and family members who work in the family business wefleitung do not receive any monetary compensation [44]. The premiums for non-occupational accident insurance are paid by the employee, while the premiums for occupational accident insurance are paid by the employer.

SUVA is the largest accident eas organisation. Besides Suva, a further 38 insurance associations provide social accident insurance. These include private insurance, public accident insurance, and approved health insurance companies [45]. Companies and administrations whose employees are compulsorily insured with Suva according to article 66 are mainly from high-risk sectors such as construction, forestry, transport, waste disposal or wastewater treatment, plus the Federal administration, agencies, and organisations [7].

They work with business, insurance companies and authorities to prevent accidents. Their objective is to promote safety and security, fire and explosion protection, process safety, occupational safety, and environmental protection [47].

It has a mandate to assume the duties of safety representatives wegeitung companies [43]. Several trade associations provide sector-specific solutions and assistance for their members, e. The employer’s association for the watch industry helps its members comply with OSH legislation. The Information and advice centre for accident prevention in agriculture BUL work together with the inspection service agriss to form the professional centre for the agriculture sector and related industries.

They help and advise companies on OSH issues, provide OSH campaigns, information material, as well as training and inspections wwegleitung. The Commission for safety and health protection in grain trading and grain processing KSGGV supports members in implementing health and safety systems. They provide checklists, training and other services. Suissepro is ekxs umbrella organisation and governing body of various Swiss professional associations.

Its aims are the promotion of occupational medicine, exchange of knowledge and experience, and safeguarding common interests [51]. Prevention adviser — Occupational hygiene The Swiss society of occupational hygiene SGAH promotes the exchange of experience and knowledge between its members and other specialists working in the field of occupational safety and health [52].

Prevention — Health and safety at work The Swiss society for occupational safety and health Eekas is a network of specialists that deal with occupational safety and health.

The aim of SGAS wevleitung to promote safety and health in the workplace, the exchange of experience and knowledge, to influence OSH legislation, coordinate occupational safety experts and OSH institutions [53]. Prevention wegleitugn — Ergonomy Swiss Ergonomics Ekkas SwissErgo is the umbrella organisation for all ergonomists and those involved in ergonomics.