Psychological egoism is the doctrine that the only thing anyone is capable of desiring or pursuing ultimately is. a. entirely selfish goals. b. his or her own. Psychological egoism is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by . does not concern oneself, but it is hardly altruistic (Feinberg /, §9, p. Psychological egoism is a universal claim: it is a claim about all human actions; the .. Feinberg doesn’t just critique this argument for hedonistic psychological.

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Selected EssaysLondon: But say I am wrong: One might cite our most confident judgments about rational action and claim that rational egoism best fits these.

Psychological Egoism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

And the historical popularity of ethical egoism, which Prichard so often notes, indicates that self-interest is not obviously irrelevant to what one ought to do in a not specifically moral sense. An updated book-length defense of the existence of altruism in humans. However, many psychologcial explanations have been tested along similar lines and appear to be disconfirmed. A second argument against ethical egoism was made by H. Psychological egoism turns out to be trivially true.

Egoims importantly, however, it is no argument for a view that it is simpler than its competitors.

Joel Feinberg

Even though it is true that every human being seeks his own satisfaction, this sometimes may only be achieved via the well-being of his neighbor. Most philosophers explicitly reject the view, largely based on famous arguments from Joseph Butler The present-aim theory does not.


The opening argument he dubs a tautology [14] from which “nothing whatever concerning the nature of my motives or the objective of my desires can possibly follow [ To answer this question, Sober feijberg Wilson focus on just one version of egoism, and what they take to be the most difficult to refute: Joshua May – – European Journal of Philosophy 19 1: Feinberg poses a thought experiment in which a character named Jones is apathetic about all but the pursuit of his own happiness.

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. It does not seem that the soldier is pursuing his perceived self-interest. Empathy and Ethics, Remy Debes ed. Philosophical PapersCambridge University Press, pp. The Possibility of Altruism.

Psychological egoism – Wikipedia

The crucial question becomes: Even if all of our desires are due to evolutionary adaptations which is a strong claimthis is only the origin of them. Thursday, March 7, Joel Feinberg: Stich, Stephen, John M.

An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. Fifteen Sermons Preached at the Rolls Chapel.

Psychological egoism

While some have argued that the jury is still out, it is clear that the rising interdisciplinary dialogue is both welcome and constructive. By Edward Jarvis Bond.

This gets at what ethical egoists intend, while skirting the issue of constraints on moral theories. Predominant egoism is not troubled by the soldier counter-example, since it allows exceptions; it is not trivial; and it seems empirically egiosm.

If Mother Teresa did have an altruistic desire for the benefit of another, it is no count against her that she sought to satisfy it—that is, bring about the benefit of another. For the hedonistic mechanism to produce the behavior of caring for offspring, the parent must believe that the caring behavior will produce pleasure or avoidance of pain for the parent. Newer Post Older Post Home.


If so, I do have reason to care specially about all of the future selves I am continuous with, and do not have this reason to care specially about others with whom I am not continuous.

The authors present empirical evidence that empathy feinbfrg to induce ultimately egoistic, not altruistic, motives by blurring one’s distinction between oneself and the other for whom empathy is felt. Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.

For other forms of egoism, see Egoism. Psychological Egoism Psychological egoism is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest. Rejects psychological egoism based primarily on traditional philosophical arguments. For a more optimistic verdict on this strategy, noting its roots in Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and the British Idealists, see Brink and It might appear that it differs a great deal.