HDMI Specification Verb and the Compliance Test Specification Verb ( CTS b), released on October 11, , are available for download only by. HDMI CTS a has been updated for technical consistency with HDMI Specification a as well as to the recently released HDMI Specification Significantly. HDMI Specification Versions b (March ), b1 (November ), and c (August ). HDMI Specification Version b (Nov. ).

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Several versions of HDMI have been developed and deployed since initial release of the technology, but all use the same cable and connector. Other than improved audio and video capacity, performance, resolution and color spaces, newer versions have optional advanced features such as 3DEthernet data connection, and CEC Consumer Electronics Control extensions.

Production of consumer HDMI products started in late The HDMI specification defines the protocols, signals, electrical interfaces and mechanical requirements of the standard. For digital audio, if an HDMI device has audio, it is required to implement the baseline format: The HDMI standard was not designed to pass closed caption data for example, subtitles to the television for decoding. This limits the caption style even for digital captions to only that decoded at the source prior to HDMI transmission.

This also prevents closed captions when transmission over HDMI is required for upconversion.

During the Video Data Period, the pixels of an active video line are transmitted. During the Data Island period which occurs during the horizontal and vertical blanking intervalsaudio and auxiliary data are transmitted within a series of packets.

Each packet contains four subpackets, and each subpacket is 64 bits in size, including 8 bits of BCH ECC parity data, allowing for each packet to carry up to bits of audio data. Each Data Island Sprcification can contain up to 18 packets. Seven of the 15 packet types described in the HDMI 1. The General Control Packet carries information on AVMUTE which mutes the audio during changes that may cause audio noise and Color Depth which sends the bit depth of the current video stream and is required for deep color.

The Gamut Metadata Packet carries information on the color space being used for the current video stream and is required for xvYCC. CEC also allows for individual CEC-enabled devices to command and control each other without user intervention.

Introduced in HDMI 1. HEAC utilizes two lines from the connector: No signal conversion is required when an adapter or asymmetric cable is used, so there is no loss of speciffication quality.

Exact capabilities beyond basic compatibility vary. Adapters sprcification generally bi-directional. Intel specicication the original technology to make sure that digital content followed the guidelines set by the Digital Content Protection group. Devices called HDCP strippers can remove the HDCP information from the video signal so the video can play on non-HDCP-compliant displays, [59] though a fair use and non-disclosure form must usually be signed with a registering agency before use.

There are five HDMI connector types. Category 1-certified cables, which have been tested at As of the HDMI 1.


These cables are marked with an anti-counterfeiting authentication label and are defined as: In conjunction with the HDMI 2. The annual fee is due upon the execution of the Adopter Agreement, and must be paid on the anniversary of this date each year thereafter.

The royalty fee structure is the same for all volumes. The following variable per-unit royalty is device-based and not dependent on number speclfication ports, chips or connectors:. For example, if a cable or IC is sold to an Adopter who then includes it in a television subject to a royalty, then the cable or IC maker would not pay a royalty, and the television manufacturer would pay the royalty on the final product.

If the cable specificatuon sold directly to consumers, then the cable would be subject to a royalty. HDMI devices are manufactured to adhere to various versions of the specification, in which each version is given a number or letter, such as 1. III Each subsequent version of the specification uses the same kind of cable but increases the bandwidth or capabilities of what can be transmitted over the cable.

The link architecture is based on DVI, using exactly the same video transmission format but sending audio and other auxiliary data during the blanking intervals of the video stream. It added the ability for manufacturers to create vendor-specific formats, allowing any arbitrary resolution and refresh rate rather than being limited to a pre-defined list of supported formats. It also added support for the xvYCC color space, in addition to the Rec.

It also changed CEC capacitance limits, and CEC commands for timer control were brought back in an altered form, with audio control commands added. This enables HDMI 2.

Understanding the Different HDMI Versions (1.0 to 2.0)

Additional features of HDMI 2. Video formats that require more bandwidth than The increase in maximum bandwidth is achieved by increasing both the bitrate of the data channels and the number of channels. Previous HDMI versions use three data hmdi each operating at up to 6.

These changes increase the aggregate bandwidth from This, in combination with the 2. To achieve even higher formats, HDMI 2.


Other features such as audio, 3D, chroma subsampling, or variable refresh rate depend only on the versions of the ports, and are not affected by what type of HDMI cable is used. Also note that products are not required to implement all features of a version to be considered compliant with that version, as most features are optional. For example, displays with HDMI 1.

Successive versions of the HDMI Specification continue to add support for additional formats such as 4K resolutionsbut the added support is to establish standardized timings to ensure interoperability between products, not to establish which formats are or aren’t permitted.

Video formats do not require explicit support from the HDMI Specification in order to be transmitted and displayed. Individual products may have heavier limitations than those listed below, since HDMI devices are not required to support the maximum bandwidth of the HDMI version that they implement. Therefore, it is not guaranteed that a display will support the refresh rates listed in this table, even if the display has the required HDMI version. Blu-ray permits secondary audio decoding, whereby the disc content can tell the player to mix multiple audio sources together before final output.


As of [update]most consumer camcorders, as well as many digital cameras, are equipped with a mini-HDMI connector type C connector.

Although often HD video capable cameras include an HDMI interface for playback or even live previewthe image processor and the video processor of cameras usable for uncompressed video must be able to deliver the full image resolution at the specified frame rate in real-time without any missing frames causing jitter.

Retrieved September 14, Samsung has a similar proprietary thirty-pin port for their Galaxy Tab Most new laptops and desktops now have built in HDMI as well.

Cables are available that contain the necessary electronics, but it is important to distinguish these active converter cables from passive HDMI to VGA cables which are typically cheaper as they don’t include any electronics. In recent years, DisplayPort connectors have become a common feature of premium [] products—displays, desktop computers, and video cards; most of the companies producing DisplayPort equipment are in the computer sector.

HDMI :: Manufacturer :: HDMI

DisplayPort ndmi a self-clocking, micro-packet-based protocol that dhmi for a variable number of differential LVDS lanes as well as flexible allocation of bandwidth between audio and video, and allows encapsulating multi-channel compressed audio formats in the audio stream.

In addition to the features in common with HDMI such as HDCP encrypted uncompressed high-definition video and eight-channel surround soundMHL also adds the provision of power charging for the mobile device while in use, and also enables the TV remote to control it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. HDMI Forum 83 companies [2].

High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection. Each channel transmits one bit binary digit per signal, and signals at ten times the character rate. Pixels per frame includes blanking intervals as defined specificatlon CVT-R2. In our opinion, DisplayPort 1. Retrieved April 14, Retrieved March 16, Retrieved July 9, Archived from the original PDF on March 5, Retrieved April 1, — via Microprocessor.

Retrieved May 1, Retrieved July 1, Retrieved August 15, Retrieved December 28, Retrieved Speckfication 23, Copy Protection Technical Working Group.

Retrieved June 24, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved January 5, Retrieved July 2, Archived from the original on August 8, Archived from the original PDF on Secrets of Home Theater and High Fidelity.

Archived from the original on November 13, Retrieved April 30, Archived 1.b4 the original on May 13, Retrieved January 30, Kaplan October 22, Retrieved January 4, National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.

Archived from the original PDF on December 30, Retrieved October 29, Archived from the original on October 29, Retrieved Spdcification 30,