On 30th July , in Prague, a number of prominent Catholics were defenestrated and fell to their deaths ; this was the beginning of the Hussite rebellion (the. Hussite Wars, series of conflicts in the 15th cent., caused by the rise of the Hussites [1] in Bohemia and Moravia. Jan Žižka, hero of the Hussite Wars, stormed the building with several supporters and threw the burgomaster and many of the town councilors from the windows.

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Although Zizka’s fame is overshadowed by that of other commanders, he ranks with the great military innovators of all time. In the same year the tension between the Taborites and the moderate Utraquists, whose stronghold was at Prague, flared into open conflict, and late inZizka led his army against Prague in order to compel that city to adhere to his uncompromising anti-Catholic policy.

Shortly after a new crusade against the Hussites was undertaken. The carts were joined wheel to wheel by chains and positioned aslant, with their corners attached to each other, so that horses could be harnessed to them quickly, if necessary.

The crowd killed them immediately. The treatment of Hus was felt to be a disgrace inflicted upon the whole country and his death was seen as a criminal act. After a considerable part of the city had been damaged or destroyed, the parties declared a truce on 13 November. The Compactata were rejected by the Taborites.


Modern Language Association http: Eventually, the opponents of the Hussites found themselves forced to consider an amicable settlement. Zizka thus fully anticipated the principles of husite warfare.

Prague History – Hussite wars

Many Catholicsmostly Germans —for they had almost all remained faithful to the papal cause—suffered expulsion from the Bohemian cities. A new war began between George and the nobles, and inMatthias Corvinus of Hungary attacked Bohemia. Most of the demands were grantedand a Church was established that remained independent of the Roman Catholic Church until The Hussites moved in columns of horse-drawn carts, most of which were armor-plated, the sides pierced with loopholes.

While fighting on the flanks and being shot at from the carts the enemy was not able to put up much resistance. These raids were against countries that had supplied the Germans with men during the anti-Hussite crusades, to deter further participation. His reactionary measures caused a ferment in the whole country, but he died in When used for defense, the wagons were arranged into an impregnable barrier surrounding the foot soldiers; they also served to transport his men.

This article is about the pre-Protestant Christian religious movement in Bohemia. This act would cause a Papal call for a Crusade into Bohemia. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Hussite Wars

Beliefs condemned as heretical by the Catholic Church. They would make sure a good portion of the enemy was in between their wagons, and then they would encircle the enemy and slaughter them. In addition he had a small force of lightly armored cavalrymen mostly made up of Polish alliesused for reconnaissance and for counterattack.


On 30 Maythe Taborite army, led by Prokop the Great and Prokop the Lesserwho both fell in the battle, was totally defeated and almost annihilated at the Battle of Lipany.

The last-named, however, refused to recognize as archbishop of Prague John of Rokycanwho had been elected to that dignity by the estates of Bohemia. Meetings were held throughout the country; the people readied for war.

Hussite Wars |

Korybut and his Poles, however, did not really want to leave; but the Pope threatened to call a crusade against Poland if they did not. Negotiations were not, however, broken off, and a change in the political situation of Bohemia finally resulted in a settlement. It was found impossible to hussit an agreement. New York, p.

husskte For the later war over Bohemia, see Bohemian—Hungarian War — Moreover, the conspicuously democratic character of the Hussite movement caused the German princes, who were afraid that such ideas might spread to their own countries, to desire peace. There were two ways to defeat the Wagenburg, to either get the soldiers inside of it to charge out or to prevent it from being erected in the first place.

Bohemia was for a time free from foreign intervention, but internal discord again broke out, caused partly by theological huesite and partly by the ambition of agitators.