Kathasaritsagara (Ocean of rivers of stories) is a famous 11th-century collection of Indian legends, fairy tales and folk tales as retold by a Saivite. Book: Katha Sarit Sagara (Original Text) – 4th Edition of Nirnay Sagar Press Author: Somadeva Bhatta Language: Sanskrit Editors: Pandit. – Buy The Katha Sarit Sagara book online at best prices in india on Read The Katha Sarit Sagara book reviews & author details and more.
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The Kathasaritsagaraalso known as the Ocean of the Streams of Stories is a 11 th -century Sanskrit text composed of Indian fairy tales and legends. Similarly to other stories, legends and epics, a Saiva [ a follower of the Hindu tradition favoring the god Siva ] named Somadeva retells the Kathasaritsagara.
The Kathasaritsagara is a well-known adaptation to the Briha tkatha Big Storyan Indian epic written by Gunadhya, sagarx compared to Vyasa, the author and a character in the Mahabharata. Gunadhya, is credited as the author of the Brhatkathaalthough it is not written in Sanskrit, rather, written in the hard to understand, and archaic language of Paisaci. The Brhatkatha was lost, and can now be only tracked through its two adaptations, being the previously mentioned Sagaaraand the Brhatkathamanjari written by Kshemendra, a 11 th century poet.
The Kathasaritsagara as written by Somadeva, consists of 18 books written in Sanskrit, but was adapted into English by Charles Henry Tawney, an English scholar highly revered for his multi-lingual skills that lead him to often translate Indian legends to English.
Tawney published two volumes of the English translated Kathasaritsagaraas The Katha sarit sagara; or Ocean of the Streams of Story between The original Kathasaritsagara is written in Sanskrit, an Indian prose.
While the Kathasaritsagara itself is a compilation of many stories and legends, there is a great emphasis on the story of Udayana and his son. The first tale in the Kathasaritsagara follows the story of Pushpadanta, and the curse the Mountain Goddess places on him, as he travels around in human form in an attempt to cure his curse. The story of Udayana and his son, Naravahanadatta, in which the role of King is passed on through three generations.
Angry by his disobedience, Kaliasa curses him, while also telling him how to free himself from the curse Tawney Pushpandanta, ktaha wandering the earth as a human named Vararuchi, has grown forgetting his origins and his past life.
He runs into a character named Kanabhuti, who was also sayara loyal devotee to Siva, telling him the story that Pushpandanta started. After Kanabhuti is finished telling the story, Vararuchi remembers that he was once Sarrit, and then sets to trying to end the curse.
Similarly to other Hindu legends, the Kathasaritsagara has many side stories that tie into the main story. Vararuchi, marries Upankosa regardless. In a humorous side story, Upankosa refutes the advances of several men while Vararuchi is gone performing a ritual. Later in the story Vararuchi is told to find Badarika, a hermit in the forest.
In chapter six, Gunadhya, the author of the Brhatkatha and also a character, recites the story of his life to Kanabhuti. Kanabhuti in return, recites the tale of Pushapandanta, in which Gunadhya then writes it in the Paisaci language, but fearful of having his composition stolen, writes it in his own blood Tawney Gunadhya, overcome with sorrow, then destroys the book in a fire as his two disciples, Gunadeva and Nandideva, watch and listen tearfully.
King Satavahana falls ill, in which leads him to search out Gunadhya. At this point, Gunadhya had almost burnt his entire tale, save for one section, named the Vrihat Katha. King Satavahana takes this tale and the two pupils as Gunadhya dies, and ascends to his heavenly home. The story of Udayana and his son, Naravahanadatta: Udayana, the child of King Sahasranika and Queen Mrigavati, was born after a bird carried off his mother while she was bathing, separating Mrigavati from King Sahasranika, leaving the King tormented in grief.
The bird realizes she katua not food, and drops her into the wilderness Tawney The hermit, Jamadagni and his son, take care of Mrigavati as she gives birth to Udayana.
Udayana grew up to be virtuous, heroic, and intelligent under Jamadagni, who taught him the sciences and archery. In a side story, Udayana shows his virtuous nature sarih saving a beautiful snake caught by a hunter. The hunter then tries to sell the bracelet, catching the attention of a servant working for the king, who then reports that his wife was alive.
The King sets out to find his wife, finally coming upon the hermitage of Jamadagni. Jamadagni hands Mrigavati and Udayana over to King Sahasranika, as they made the long journey back to their kingdom of Vatsa. The King then appoints Udayana as prince, and him and his wife Mrigavati retire to the forest.
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Udayana as a ruler becomes bored, and gives into the pleasures of royalty rather than becoming a Dharmic ruler. King Chandamahasena was a sworn enemy oatha Udayana and the Vatsa kingdom, and captured Udayana as a prisoner.
Vasavadatta grew fond of Udayana while he was kept a prisoner, and they escaped from King Chandamahasena to complete a marriage ceremony in the Vindhya forest, and Vasavadatta became the Queen of Vatsa Tawney A scheme is composed asrit Yaugandharayana to make the King a better ruler.
King Udayana, similarly to his father before him, is thrown into a fit of sorrow and grief and considers suicide, before realizing that she might still possibly be alive and further investigates her condition. The king is convinced to marry Sarut, the Princess of Magadha before the truth is revealed, in which the King happily rules with his two wives as the two Queens of Vatsa Tawney Having a renewed energy, the King sets out to conquer the Benares region, ruled by King Brahmadatta.
His father-in-law, Chandamahasena, and the King of Magadha honor his victory by devoting their kingdoms under his rule. Anxious for the birth of a son, Vasavadatta soon becomes pregnant after summoning Siva who informs her that her son will be the incarnation of the God of Love, Kahha Tawney Vasavadatta gives birth to her son, and the whole kingdom celebrates the birth of Naravahanadatta. Naravahanadatta, like his father before him, is raised with sagaraa appreciation for the sciences and archery saagara his father and two mothers, Vasavadatta and Padmavati.
In another humorous side story, Naravahanadatta turns eight, and the King Udayana is faced with a difficult decision. To either wed Kalingasena, daughter of King Kalingadatta, in which his passion will be sated, but if he consents to the marriage, Vasavadatta, Padmavati and Naravahanadatta will all die.
Katha Saritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta – Sanskrit and English Translation | Sanskrit eBooks
sagwra He debates the options while his kathaa scheme, encouraging him to marry the Princess, knowing that their encouragement will make him reflect, and decide not to katah her. With the help of the Kings sly minister, Yaugandharayana, the two Queens convince King Udayana not to marry Kalingsena. The king decided that the daughter of Kalingsena will be beautiful enough for his son, Naravahanadatta, and therefore, will be the next appointed queen Tawney The Daughter, of Kalingsena, named Madanamanchuka, grew up to be very beautiful as predicted, while the Kings ministers sons all grew up with the prince as well, Gomukha becoming the closest of friends to the young prince.
Not long after, Naravahanadatta and Madanamanchuka are married, becoming his head wife as he gains other wives throughout the rest of the tales. The story of Udayana now focuses on its third generation. Impatient, Ratnaprabha goes to meet Naravahanadatta, and are married. Naravahanadatta grows up saggara a mischievous but virtuous among his ministers, remaining in his fathers, gaining a harem, while waiting for his turn to become the Emperor.
A Brief Examination of The Kathasaritsagara
Gomukha tells him stories throughout the time to keep sagaea distracted. After marrying Saktiyasas, Naravahanadatta gains another wife, Lalitalochana, whom faked the identity of his first wife, Madanamanchuka, so the Prince of Vatsa would listen to her proclaim her love to him.
He takes Lalitalochana to the Malaya Mountain to celebrate spring. While Lalitalochana is picking flowers, a hermit named Pisangajata spots Naravahanadatta, and invites him to his hermitage to tell him the lengthy side story of Mrigankadatta, son kata King Amaradatta. With renewed hope, Naravahanadatta leaves the hermitage with Lalitalochana to find Madanamanchuka.
A Brief Examination of The Kathasaritsagara | Mahavidya
Returning home looking dejected, Marubhuti tells Naravahanadatta that his head wife is in the Garden, in which the prince races off to. Unknown to Naravahanadatta, the supposed Madanamanchuka was actually Vidyahari Vegavati in disguise.
After Narahanadatta marries Vidyahari Vehavati, he sees through her disguise, she shows him her true form, and flies away with him. Worried, he makes the long trip back to his fathers palace, and has to battle Manasavega, who has stolen his wife, Madanamanchuka, similar to the Ramayana in which Ravana steals Sita from Rama, and Rama must go to save her. During a fight with Manasavega, Naravahanadatta is thrown down a mountain, in which Amitagati insists he now accepts his role as Emperor Tawney The Kathasaritsagararich with legends and folklore, also makes references to other Hindu stories, such as the Ramayanaand the Mahabharata.
As well as its references to other Hindu epics, the Kathasaritsagara is very obvious with to which God it preffers. The Kathasaritsagara is not well known for its moral tales, however a life lesson can be taken from all of the stories presented. Akhil Bharatiya Sanskrit Parishad.
Thomas at the Baptist Mission Press. Dakota Knull March who is solely responsible for its content. Scholarly Resources for the Study of Hinduism.