GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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In jurisprudence this situation emerges with even greater clarity and simplicity – because there is a more conscious reification at work. But in addition is the determining form of his existence as subject, as human being. However, it is clear from his writings that he publicly defended Stalinist dogmas both in aesthetics and politics during the s, s and s a,while criticizing Stalin and Stalinism repeatedly later on see If we follow the path taken by labour in its development from the handicrafts via cooperation and manufacture to machine industry we can see a continuous trend towards greater rationalisation, the progressive elimination of the qualitative, human and individual attributes of the worker.

The proletarian situation does not necessarily entail an immediate consciousness of the totality. This, too, becomes distorted. There is no need to spell out the fact that for us these are both merely aspects of the same dialectical unity.

This implies that objects are transformed into subjects and subjects are turned into objects, with the result that subjects are rendered passive or determined, while objects are rendered as the active, determining factor.

The Fundamental Dissonance of ExistenceLondon: Continued exchange and more regular reproduction for exchange reduces this arbitrariness more and more. This results in an inhuman, standardised division of labour analogous to that which we have found in industry on the technological and mechanical plane.

It is hard not to contrast his situation with that proletariah Leon Trotsky who made not a single concession to Stalinism and was subsequently murdered. He was overseer to the whole process and the completed article was the conscious end of his endeavours. The finished article ceases to be proletarjat object of the work-process.

It must suffice to point out that modern capitalism does not content itself with transforming the relations of production in accordance with its own needs.


In Schmollers jahrbuch,p. Likewise with the machine. Tragically, the revolution was physically annihilated. It also integrates into its own system those forms of primitive capitalism that led an isolated existence in pre-capitalist times, divorced from production; it converts them into members of the henceforth unified process of radical capitalism.

He finds it already pre-existing and self-sufficient, it functions independently of him and he has to conform to its laws whether he likes it or not. The revolutionary bourgeois class refused to admit that a legal relationship had a valid foundation merely because it existed in fact. There arises a rational systematisation of all statutes regulating life, which represents, or at least tends towards a closed system applicable to all possible and imaginable cases.

Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: He understands that the objective economic evolution of society creates the conditions and the necessity for its revolutionary transformation, but also that without the conscious appreciation of this necessity on the part of the proletariat the situation comes to nothing.

Georg [György] Lukács

Marx sees the matter in this way: But the paradox dissolves when we realise that it arises only because the same situation has been regarded from two different points of view: This development came with the development of industrial capitalism. For at this stage in reificatiln history of mankind there is no problem that does not ultimately lead back to that question and there is no solution that could not be found in the solution to the riddle of commodity-structure.

Proletarist are commenting using your Twitter account. He was also active as a politician in Hungary in both the revolution of and during the events of For as long as the fate of the worker still appears to be an individual fate as in the case of the slave in antiquitythe life of the ruling classes is still free to assume quite different forms.

From this purposeful movement away from these forms, it conscioysness possible to see the ideological problems of capitalism and its downfall more clearly.

Georg Lukács – ‘Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat’ | An Empty Flight

For the landowner ground and oof mean nothing but ground-rent; he lets his land to tenants and receives the rent – a quality which the ground can lose without losing any of its inherent qualities such as its fertility; it is a prolftariat whose magnitude and indeed existence depends on social relations that are created and abolished without any intervention by the landowner.


He worked and participated in intellectual circles in Budapest, Berlin where he was influenced by Georg SimmelFlorence and Heidelberg. It must be emphasised that this inability to penetrate to the real material substratum of science is not the fault of individuals.

It requires no further explanation to realise that the need to systematise and to abandon empiricism, tradition and material dependence was the need for exact calculations However, this same need requires that the legal system should confront the individual events of social existence as something permanently established and exactly defined, i.

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. To achieve this, however, the other disciplines into which the problem of the origins of law had prolefariat diverted would really have to propose a genuine solution to it. The ground and the earth have nothing to do with ground-rent, machines have nothing to do with profit. It determines standard of living. While this process is still incomplete the methods used to extract surplus labour are, it is true, more obviously brutal than in the later, more highly developed teh, but the process of reification of work and hence also of the consciousness of the worker oof much less advanced.

So long as the product is sold, everything is taking its regular course from the standpoint of the capitalist producer. What is at issue here, however, is the question: With the aid of this insight we can see clearly how the antagonism between the traditional and empirical craftsmanship and the scientific and rational tje is repeated in another sphere of activity.

Instead of the actual transformation of money ot capital, we see here only form without content.